Declaration of Tangier on the Occasion of the 12th Edition of the MEDays Forum
Tangier on November 16, 2019
DECLARATION OF TANGIER
12th MEDAYS FORUM
The Participants of the MEDAYS Forum Gathered for the 12th Edition of this High-Level International Conference, After Four Days of Debates and Reflection Workshops on International Challenges, Examined a Set of Thirty-Six International and Regional Themes Engaging Development and the Peace.
Considering the Most Recent International Developments and likely to have an Impact on African Countries and the Mediterranean
Considering Political Tensions and International Conflicts Especially in the Middle East, South Asia, the Gulf.
Considering the Social and Political Crises that are known in many countries around the world, be it in Southern countries, on the American continent or in Northern countries, in Europe.
Considering the Multilateral Discussions and the Most Recent Conventions Including the International Pact on International Migration Adopted in Marrakech in December 2018 and the Multilateral Commitments in terms of Development and Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
Considering the International Leadership Deficit of Great Powers, especially the Western Powers and the growing importance of China and Asia in International Trade and Mastery of Technologies.
Considering the Context of Institutional Instability Affecting the Middle East and the Current Discredit of Political Proposals in Peace Negotiations in the Middle East Region.
Considering the Rise of Tensions in the Matters of Technological Competition, Trade and Economic Competition between the Main World Powers.
Recall Their Attachment to the Equal Dignity of Cultures and Civilizations That Promotes Respect, Mutual Understanding and Pacific Coexistence of Peoples.
1 – African Integration and Development
Recall that Parity is a Sine Qua None condition of development not only in Africa but on all continents.
Call for the Fight Against Legal and Legal Discrimination against Women Especially and Particularly Laws on Family, Marriage and Legacy.
Call on African Leaders to Make the African Continent a Continent of Mobility and Opportunity through Accompanying Measures to Implement the Agreement of the African Continental Free Trade Area (ACFTA).
Recall The Essential Role of the Private Sector and Civil Societies in the Ownership of Continental Agreements and consequently the Need for Inclusive Dialogue Frameworks to Maximize Positive Effects for Development.
Call to Strengthen the Dialogue of the Countries Parties to the ACFTA Agreement To Coordinate Their Strategies Of Industrialization And Attractiveness And To Avoid Producing Flawed Competition Effects Of African Countries Among Them To Attract International Investment.
Call for the Constitution of a Temporary Fund for Compensation of Customs Duty Losses for Less Developed African States whose Budget Resources Depend Heavily on Customs Duties.
Call for the Establishment of a Fight against the Fiscal Escape of Multinational Enterprises and the Establishment of Means for Measuring the Economic Activity and Tax of Large International Societies on the African Continent. According to UNCTAD, each year, between 40 and 80 billion tax dollars escape Africa, or two times at least the annual amount of development aid.
Call for the Establishment and Largest Ratification of Data Sharing Protocols and Information on Foreign Ownership of African Citizens and a Global Partnership for the Fight Against Corruption and Fiscal Escape.
Recommend the Establishment of Harmonized Institutional and Legal Environment for African Private Investment on the Continent Including Harmonization of Arbitration and Commercial Justice Procedures as well as a Convergence of Fiscal Policies.
Recommend The Development of African Sovereign Funds With Mandate For Investment On The Continent For Infrastructure Projects Ensuring The Attractiveness Of The Continent Including Electrical Interconnections, Roads.
Recommend The Constitution of Support Fund for Entrepreneurship and Economic Transformation in Africa Especially For Agricultural Sectors Representing 80% of Jobs on the Continent.
Call for the Strengthening of Sub-regional Markets for Transformed Agricultural Goods with Food Security as a Primary Objective.
Call for policies of continental attractiveness that take into account inclusive criteria including cultural policies, human mobility, well-being and cultural and cultural security.
2- Peace and Security
Call for an Inclusive Reform of Global Political and Economic Governance to better reflect the Geopolitical Realities of the 21st Century and, in particular, to enable African countries to be represented at the fair value of their demographic, cultural and social importance, notably to the Council of Europe. United Nations Security.
Call for more integrated integration of the African Union and a thorough reform of its funding mechanisms and resources deployed to the Security Policy, Industrialization and Common Diplomatic Representation of the Member States of the United Nations.
Recall Their Attachment to International Law, UN Conventions on Human Rights, Civil and Political Rights, Social Rights and Respect for the Commitment of States Without International Trust and Political Relations Can Develop in a Harmonious Setting.
Call for the Constitution of an African Continental Cyber-Security Policy in Accordance with the Principles of Freedom of Expression and UN Covenants on Civil and Political Rights to Address Threats to Quality some information.
Regret Unilateral Actions in Middle East Crisis Management Including the Unilateral Recognition of Jerusalem as the Capital of the State of Israel and Its Support for Illegal Settlement Activities.
Reject, In the Current State of Unofficial Information Circulated by Certain Media, the Framework of What Is Called “The Deal of the Century” for the Settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.
Recall that Security and Cooperation in the Region Can not be Secured in the Long Term Without a Just, Balanced and Mutually Agreed Solution for Two States, a Palestinian and an Israeli Living Side by Side in the 1967 Borders, with Jerusalem – Al Qods As Capital of Palestine.
Call on India and Pakistan to Undertake Immediate and Enhanced Confidence-Building Measures Guaranteeing the Right of Religious Minorities, the Disarmament of Armed Militias and Safe De-escalation in Disputed Regions.
Call for Strengthening Initiatives and South-South Security Dialogue Framework in the Sahel Region.
Note The “Commitments of Marseilles” Concerning the Mediterranean Cooperation In particular on the Place of the Civil Society in the Reinforcement of the Links between the Countries of the Region.
Call on Mediterranean Countries to Consider Bilateral and Multilateral Dialogue Frameworks to Defuse On-going Conflicts in the Mediterranean Rim.
Call for a Mediterranean Dialogue Framework on Energy for the Sustainable and Appeased Management of Energy and Water Resources in the framework of an Energy Transition Making Place for Renewable Resources.
Recall The Primordial Role of the Fight against Economic Inequalities and the Importance of Economic Diversification Policies in Social and Political Stability.
Condemn any form of Discrimination or Infringement of the Rights of Migrant People, and Call on States to Ratify the UN International Convention for the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families and the Establishment of a Policy for Migrant Workers Welcome and Convergence With the International Pact for Migrations Signed in Marrakech in December 2018.
Done at Tangier on November 16, 2019